R. v. Boughan, 2014 ONCA 360:
 A sentencing judge is bound by the express and implied factual findings in a jury verdict. Where the factual basis is ambiguous, however, the sentencing judge is entitled to arrive at her own independent determination of the relevant facts: Criminal Code, s. 724(2); R v. Brown (1991), 53 C.C.C. (3d) 521 (S.C.C.). Here, that is what the trial judge did and we see no basis for interfering with those findings.